The Mosel wine region of Germany is the oldest of Germany’s thirteen wine growing regions that are officially recognized by German law and the European Economic Community (“anbaugebiete”/on-bou-gi-bēt-ǝ/). Although it is named for the Mosel river which it follows over 200 kilometers from Luxembourg to the city of Koblenz where it meets the Rhein River in the Mittelrhein region, the Mosel wine region also includes the vineyards of its smaller tributaries, the Saar (/zar/) and Ruwer (/rū-vur/). The region is blessed with famously steep hills (over half of the vineyards are steeper than a 30° slope) which creates theater seating style vine plantings to expose the vines to maximum sunlight. In fact, the steepest vineyards in all of Europe are in the Mosel. Slate (“Schiefer”/shee-fur/) abounds in the vineyards which provides warmth for the vines and also the famous mineral tones typical in Mosel wine.
The Mosel region’s most exceptional and popular varietal is riesling. Riesling is by far the most common planting in the Mosel region but other white varietals such as weissburgunder (pinot blanc) (/vīs-bur-goon-dur/) are also common. Red wine is uncommon in the Mosel region. By decree of the Archbishop and Elector of Trier, Clemens Wenceslaus, in 1787, red grape varietals were not even permitted to grow in the Mosel region until the decree was repealed by modern German law in 1987, 200 years later!
Mosel wine typically has intense fruity aromas and flavors balanced harmoniously against crisp and clean acid. The Staatliche Weinbaudomäne Trier is a leading producer of Mosel wine.